Colin Boyle/Daily Senior Staffer
City Council members referred a potential special use process that would support affordable housing and ensure equitable access to community benefits to the Planning and Development committee after a Monday meeting..
Aldermen made the motion after considering creating a special use process that would enable developers to purpose the construction of modest-size homes on smaller lots than currently allowed by Evanston zoning policies.
The program would make the development of “starter homes” more affordable and accessible to both first-time homebuyers and less affluent residents by reducing land costs associated with developing single-family homes, according to city documents. The special use process would also allow parcels that are currently “undevelopable” based on zoning to be used.
Ald. Donald Wilson (4th) said he appreciated the suggestion to amend city zoning ordinances because the proposed program could create more balance in the city’s residential market and help break a cycle of replacing small houses with bigger developments.
“There ought to be some ebb and flow instead of ebb and knock everything out,” Wilson said. “So hopefully this can be something that can be utilized to create some balance in what is available throughout the city.”
Evanston housing and grants division manager Sarah Flax, who presented the program to council on Monday, said escalating housing costs in the city have been “pushing out” younger families and older residents who want to live in smaller homes. She said though effective, Evanston zoning laws can restrict more creative housing options.
“It’s definitely had an impact on our residents and who can live here and who can own,” she said. “We have fairly stringent zoning that is set, euclidean zoning to accomplish consistency and make sure that we have a healthy and pleasant environment … but one of the things we would like to explore is a special use to take a lot or a parcel and … perhaps get small lot housing.”
She said some parcels of land in Evanston are “odd shapes and sizes” and a more flexible special use process would allow for more creativity in utilizing those spaces.
“Rather than trying to design zoning that gives us a different set of regulations that we absolutely have to meet, we would like to have the opportunity to come up with something that is … handled case by case,” Flax said.
Ald. Judy Fiske (1st) said the difficult part of working this program into the city’s zoning ordinances would be how to manage the special use process.
She said historically, smaller houses in Evanston were moved off the lakefront to make room for larger lots and into the other areas like the 5th Ward.
“Obviously we’ve done it before, so I’m quite sure that we can figure out how to do this again,” she said. “But we’re going to have to think creatively about our zoning ordinance and that’s going to be tough, but obviously the discussion is an important one to be having.”
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